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《中國英亞體育登陸衛生事業發展報告(2011)》問答(五)

信息科 發布于:2012-05-03 點擊 8149 次

25.yingyatiyudengluweishengtixijianshejinzhanruhe?

yingyatiyudengluweishengtixishizhongguozuizaojianlidegonggongweishengfuwutixizhiyi,shijuyouzhongguotesede、butongyuyiliaozhenzhiheweishengfangyixitongdedulitixi。tayiyingyatiyudenglubaojianzhuanyejigouweihexin,yichengxiangjicengyiliaoweishengjigouweijichu,yidazhongxingzongheyiliaojigouhexiangguankeyanjiaoxuejigouweijishuzhichi;juyoubianbuchengxiang、fencengfuze、geyoucezhong、genzaijicengdetedian,weifunvertongtigongcongchushengdaolaonianfugaiquanshengmingzhouqide、quanfangweideyiliaobaojianfuwu。

yingyatiyudenglubaojianzhuanyejigoushiyingyatiyudengluweishengfuwutixidehexin。gejiyingyatiyudenglubaojianjigoushiyouzhengfujuban、buyiyingliweimude、juyougonggongweishengxingzhidegongyixingshiyedanwei,shixiaquyingyatiyudenglubaojiangongzuodezuzhizhe、guanlizhehefuwutigongzhe。yingyatiyudenglubaojianjigoujianchiyibaojianweizhongxin,baojianyulinchuangxiangjiehedefazhanfangxiang,yiquntibaojiangongzuoweijichu,weifunvertongtigongjiankangjiaoyu、yufangbaojian、jihuashengyuzixunzhidao、funvertongchangjianbingshaicha、yingyatiyudengluweishengxinxiguanlidenggonggongweishengfuwu;zaiqieshilvxinggonggongweishengzhizedetongshi,shidangkaizhanfunvertongchangjianbingzhenzhi、zhuchanjishufuwu、jihuashengyujishufuwu、yunchanqibingfazhenghehebingzhengzhenzhidengyufunvertongjiankangmiqiexiangguandejibenyiliaofuwu。shequweishengfuwujigou、xiangzhenweishengyuanhecunweishengshizuoweiyingyatiyudenglubaojiansanjiwangde“wangdi”,chengdanjibenfunvbaojian、ertongbaojian、jihuashengyudengshengzhijiankangxiangguanfuwuyijiyingyatiyudengluweishengjichuxinxishoujidengzhize。fuchanyiyuan、ertongyiyuan、zonghexingyiyuanfuchankeheerkezhongdiantigongyunchanqibaojian、zhuchanjishufuwu、jihuashengyujishufuwu、funvheertongjibingzhenzhidengyiliaobaojianfuwu。

jiezhi2010nian,quanguogongyouyingyatiyudenglubaojianjigou3025ge,fuchanyiyuan398ge、ertongyiyuan72ge,shequweishengfuwuzhongxin(zhan)3.3wange,xiangzhenweishengyuan3.8ge,cunweishengshi64.8wange。2005-2010nian,quanguofuchankeheerkezhiye(zhuli)yishishuyou22.4wanrenzengchangzhi36wanren。yingyatiyudenglubaojianjigougongzuorenyuanyou18.8wanrenzengchangzhi24.5wanren。shequweishengfuwujigou、xiangzhenweishengyuanhecunweishengshijunyouzhuanjianzhiyingyatiyudenglubaojiangongzuorenyuan。funvertongyiliaobaozhangfugaimianzhubukuoda,baozhangshuipingyousuotigao。

26.yingyatiyudengluweishengxinxihuajianshejinzhanruhe?

zhongguocongshangshiji80niandaichukaishijianlileyingyatiyudengluweishengnianbaoxinxixitong。1986nianjianliqiquanguochushengquexianjiancewang,1989nianhe1991nianfenbiejianlilequanguoyunchanfusiwanghe5suiyixiaertongsiwangjiancewang。weizhengheziyuan、tigaoxiaolv,cong1996niankaishi,chushengquexianjiancewang、yunchanfusiwangjiancewanghe5suiyixiaertongsiwangjiancewangshixian“sanwangheyi”。muqianjiancequxiandadao336ge,fugairenkou1.4yi,chushengquexianjianceyiyuan783ge,zai64gequxiankaizhanlechushengquexianrenqunjiance,chengweishijieshangzuidadeyingyatiyudengluweishengjiancewangluo。2005nianjianliquanguoyingyatiyudenglubaojianjigoujiancexinxixitong。suizhudianzixinxihuadefazhan,jiancebaogaoshouduanmingxiangaishan,chunianbaowaijunyishixianwangluozhibaoyingyatiyudengluweishengxinxi,dadatigaolexinxishangbaozhilianghexiaolv。duonianlai,quanguoyingyatiyudengluweishengjiancezhongdexiangguanshujuyibeiguojiatongjiju、guowuyuanfuergongweiyijixiangguanguojizuzhisuocaiyong,yingyatiyudengluweishengxinxiweigejizhengfuzhidingweishengzhengcetebieshiyingyatiyudengluweishengzhengcetigonglekexueyiju。

27.yingyatiyudengluweishengshiyefazhanmianlindezhuyaowentihetiaozhanshishenme?

jingguojishiniandebuxienuliyutansuoshijian,zhongguofunvertongdejiankangshuipingxianzhutigao,yingyatiyudengluweishengshiyedechengjiuyoumugongdu。danshi,yeyingqingxingdikandao,zhongguoyingyatiyudengluweishengshiyedefazhanrengranzhihouyujingjishehuifazhan,yuguangdafunvertongriyizengchangdeyiliaobaojianxuqiubuxiangshiying,rengranmianlinzhuduokunnanhetiaozhan。yishiyingyatiyudengluweishengzaichengxiang、diquherenqunzhijiancunzaimingxianchaju,gaishanxibudiqu、nongcundiquyijiliudongrenkouzhongdefunvertongjiankangzhuangkuangchengweiyingyatiyudengluweishenggongzuodezhongdianhenandian。ershiyingyatiyudengluweishengtixijianshezhihou,fuwuwangluobugoujianquan,rencaiduiwuzhengtisuzhiyoudaitigao。jicengyingyatiyudengluweishengfuwunenglibuqiang,fuwuzhiliangbugao,youqishipinkundiqu、bianyuanshanquheshaoshuminzudiqudeyingyatiyudengluweishengfuwukejixingcha、liyongbuzu。sanshifunvertongjiankangwentiyirantuchu。funvruxianai、gongjingaiheaizibing、meidudengzhongdajibingyanzhongweixiezhuguangdafunvdeshenxinjiankang;zaochan、feiyan、xiantianxingxinzangbingdengrengshiertongsiwangzhuyaoyuanyin;suizhuertongsiwanglvdexiajiang,chushengquexianzuoweigonggongweishengwentiyuelaiyuetuxianchulai。sishitourubuzu,shangweijianliwendingdeyingyatiyudengluweishengtouruhebuchangjizhi。

28.yingyatiyudengluweishengshiyefazhanmianlinnaxiejiyu?

kunnanyuxiwangtongzai,tiaozhanyujiyubingcun。muqian,zhongguoyingyatiyudengluweishengshiyezhengmianlinnandedeguoneiheguojifazhanjiyu。congguoneiqingkuangkan,shenhuayigaishiquanmianjiaqiangyingyatiyudengluweishenggongzuodezhongdajiyu。yifangmian,yingyatiyudengluweishengzuoweigonggongweishengdezhongyaozuchengbufen,jianghuiyuelaiyueshoudaozhongshi,caizhengtouruliduhuiyuelaiyueda。lingyifangmian,shenhuayigaidegexiangzhengcecuoshiweiyingyatiyudengluweishengshiyefazhantigonglegengjiayoulidehuanjinghetiaojian。guojia“shierwu”guihuayigaishanminshengweihexin,jiangfunvertongzhuyaojiankangzhibiaolierujingjiheshehuifazhanguihua,mingquetichudao2015nianrenjunyuqishoumingtigao1sui,dadao74.5sui,yunchanfusiwanglvjiangdao22/10wan,5suiyixiaertongsiwanglvjiangdao14‰,yingersiwanglvjiangdao12‰。guowuyuanganggangfabudexinshiniandefunvertongfazhangangyao(2011-2020),yejiangfunvertongjiankangzuoweibaozhangminshengdezhongyaoneironglieruqizhong。congguojixingshikan,guojishehuiduiyingyatiyudenglujiankangdegaoduguanzhu,weifazhanzhongguoyingyatiyudengluweishengshiyechuangzaolezhongyaojiyuhelianghaofenwei。2010nian9yuelianheguozaiqiannianfazhanmubiaogaojibiehuiyishang,qidongle“yingyatiyudenglujiankangquanqiuzhanlve”,gaishanquanqiufunvheertongjiankang,jianshaoyunchanfuji5suiyixiaertongsiwanglv,tuidongshixianlianheguoqiannianfazhanmubiao。wenjiabaozonglidaibiaozhongguozhengfuzaicizhuangyanchengnuo,zhongguojiangjixulvxingguojizeren,jijicanyuyouzhuyutigaoyingyatiyudenglujiankangshuipingdeguojihezuo,jinzuidanulibaozhangfunvertongjiankang,lvxingzhengfuyingjindezeren。

29.“shierwu”shiqifunvertongjiankangmubiaohejucuoyounaxie?

zaiguominjingjiheshehuifazhandishiergewunianguihuagangyaozhong,jiang“renjunyuqishoumingtigao1sui,dadao74.5sui”lieweizhuyaomubiao。guihuamingquetichu,yunchanfusiwanglvjiangdao22/10wan,yingersiwanglvjiangdao12%。jiadachushengquexianyufanglidu,zuohaojiankangjiaoyu、youshengzixun、gaoweirenqunzhidao、yunqianshaicha、yingyangsubuchongdengfuwugongzuo,jiangdichushengquexianfashenglvhenongcun5suiyixiaertongshengchangchihuanlv。guihuahuanmingquetichule“shierwu”shiqishejifunvertongjiankangdegonggongweishengfuwuxiangmu,yishimianfeitigongertongbaojian、yunchanfubaojiandengjibengonggongweishengfuwu;ershishishinongcunfunvyunqianheyunzaoqibufuxiesuan、nongcunfunvzhuyuanfenmianbuzhu、nongcunfunvgongjingairuxianaijianchadengzhongdagonggongweishengfuwuxiangmu。

30.zhongguofunvertongfazhangangyao2011-2020tichudejiankangzhibiaoyounaxie?

funvjiankangzhuyaomubiao:1.funvzaizhenggeshengmingzhouqixiangyoulianghaodejibenyiliaoweishengfuwu,funvderenjunyuqishoumingyanchang。2.yunchanfusiwanglvkongzhizai20/10wanyixia。zhubusuoxiaochengxiangquyuchaju,jiangdiliudongrenkouyunchanfusiwanglv。3.funvchangjianbingdingqishaichalvdadao80%yishang。tigaogongjingaiheruxianaidezaozhenzaozhilv,jiangdisiwanglv。4.funvaizibingganranlvhexingbingganranlvdedaokongzhi。5.jiangdiyunchanfuzhongzhongdupinxuehuanbinglv。6.tigaofunvxinlijiankangzhishihejingshenjibingyufangzhishizhixiaolv。7.baozhangfunvxiangyoubiyunjieyuzhiqingxuanzequan,jianshaofeiyiyuanrenshen,jiangdirengongliuchanlv。8.tigaofunvjingchangcanjiatiyuduanlianderenshubili。

ertongjiankangzhuyaomubiao:1.yanzhongduofazhicandechushengquexianfashenglvzhubuxiajiang,jianshaochushengquexiansuozhicanji。2.yingerhe5suiyixiaertongsiwanglvfenbiekongzhizai10‰he13‰yixia。jiangdiliudongrenkouzhongyingerhe5suiyixiaertongsiwanglv。3.jianshaoertongshanghaisuozhisiwanghecanji。18suiyixiaertongshanghaisiwanglvyi2010nianweijishuxiajiang1/6。4.kongzhiertongchangjianjibingheaizibing、meidu、jiehebing、yigandengzhongdachuanranxingjibing。5.naruguojiamianyiguihuadeyimiaojiezhonglvyixiang(zhen)weidanweidadao95%yishang。6.xinshengerposhangfengfabinglvyixianweidanweijiangdidao1‰yixia。7.dichushengtizhongfashenglvkongzhizai4%yixia。8.0-6geyueyingerchunmuruweiyanglvdadao50%yishang。9.5suiyixiaertongpinxuehuanbinglvkongzhizai12%yixia,zhongxiaoxueshengpinxuehuanbinglvyi2010nianweijishuxiajiang1/3。10.5suiyixiaertongshengchangchihuanlvkongzhizai7%yixia,ditizhonglvjiangdidao5%yixia。11.tigaozhongxiaoxuesheng《guojiaxueshengtizhijiankangbiaozhun》dabiaolv。kongzhizhongxiaoxueshengshilibuliang、quchi、chaozhong/feipang、yingyangbuliangfashenglv。12.jiangdiertongxinlixingweiwentifashenglvheertongjingshenjibinghuanbinglv。13.tigaoshilingertongxingyushengzhijiankangzhishipujilv。14.jianshaohuanjingwuranduiertongdeshanghai。

31.“shierwu”shiqiyingyatiyudengluweishengshiyefazhandezhuyaosilushishenme?

shierwu”shiqi,yingyatiyudengluweishengshiyedanfuzhujixujiangdiyunchanfusiwanglv、yingersiwanglvji5suiyixiaertongsiwanglv,baozhangshengzhijiankang,tigaochushengrenkousuzhi,tigaofunvertongjiankangshuiping,shixianqiannianfazhanmubiaodezhongdazeren。shimingguangrong、renwujianju,yingyatiyudengluweishengshiyebixujianchizhengquedefazhansilu:

yishijianchiyingyatiyudengluweishenggongzuofangzhen,bawozhengquedefazhanfangxiang。“yibaojianweizhongxin、yibaozhangshengzhijiankangweimude,shixingbaojianyulinchuangxiangjiehe,mianxiangqunti、mianxiangjicengheyufangweizhu”deyingyatiyudengluweishenggongzuofangzhen,shizhongguoyingyatiyudengluweishenggongzuojishinianlilunyushijian、jingyanyujiaoxundezongjie,shidangqianhejinhouyigeshiqizhongguoyingyatiyudengluweishenggongzuogaigeyufazhandezhinan,bixujiandingbuyidiguancheluoshi。

ershiguanche“yifalianggang”,yifatuidongfazhan。“yifalianggang”shituidongyingyatiyudengluweishengshiyefazhan,weihufunvertongjiankangdezhongyaobaozhang。guancheluoshihao“yifalianggang”shigejizhengfuhexiangguanbumendezhongyaozhize。

sanshijianchifenleizhidao,shixianxiediaofazhan。qieshibayingyatiyudengluweishenggongzuodezhongdianfangdaojiceng,bagengduoyiliaoweishengziyuanpeizhidaojicengyupinkundiqu,gengjiaguanzhuliudongrenkoudengteshurenqun,jijituidongchengxiang、quyuyingyatiyudengluweishenggongzuoxiediaofazhan。

sishijiaqiangnenglijianshe,tigaofuwushuiping。jinyibuwanshanyingyatiyudengluweishengfuwutixi,jiaqiangjicengdejichusheshi、rencaiduiwudengfangmiandejianshe,tishengfuwunengliyushuiping,manzufunvertongriyizengchangdejiankangxuqiu。

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