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《中國英亞體育登陸衛生事業發展報告(2011)》問答(三)

信息科 發布于:2012-05-03 點擊 7640 次

13.yunchanqibaojiankaizhanqingkuangruhe?

zuohaoyunchanqixitongbaojianguanli,shitigaoyunchanqibaojianzhiliang、baozhangyunchanfuheyingerjiankangdezhongyaocuoshi。zhongguo1978niankaishitichubingshixingyunchanqixitongbaojianmoshi,muqianyijingxingchengleyizhengtaobaokuochanqianjiancha、chanqianshaichayuzhenduan、gaoweiyunchanfushaichayuguanli、zhuyuanfenmian、xinshengerbaojianhechanhoufangshizaineidexitongyunchanqiyiliaobaojianfuwu。

duonianlai,zhongguoyunchanqibaojianshuipingbuduantigao。2010nianquanguoyunchanfuchanqianjianchalv、chanhoufangshilvhexitongguanlilvfenbiewei94.1%、90.8%he84.1%,bi2000nianfenbietigaole5.2%、5.3%he8.9%;gaoweiyunchanfuguanlilvdadaole99.2%,chengshidiqugexiangzhibiaojunhaoyunongcundiqu。julianheguoertongjijinhuibaogao,2000-2007nianzhongguochanqianjianchalvdadao90%,mingxiangaoyufazhanzhongguojiadepingjunshuiping(77%)。chanqianshaichahechanqianzhenduanwangluozhubujianquan,chanqianshaichahechanqianzhenduannenglichixutigao,zhi2010nianquanguoyou29gesheng(qu、shi)511jiayiliaobaojianjigoukaizhanlechanqianshaichahechanqianzhenduanfuwu。

cujinzhuyuanfenmianshijiangdiyunchanfusiwanglvheertongsiwanglvdeguanjianhuanjie。jinnianlai,zhongguoweishengbumencaiquduozhongcuoshi,jiadaxuanchuanlidu,yuxiangguanbumenmiqiepeihe,nulitigaozhuyuanfenmianlv,qudemingxianchengxiao。2010nianquanguozhuyuanfenmianlvdadao97.8%,qizhongnongcunzhuyuanfenmianlvyida96.7%。suizhuquanguonongcunzhuyuanfenmianlvbuduantigao,nongcunyunchanfusiwanglvchengzhubuxiajiangqushi。

14.“jiangdiyunchanfusiwanglvxiaochuxinshengerposhangfeng”xiangmujinzhanruhe?

weishixianjiangdiyunchanfusiwanglvde“lianggang”mubiaohelianheguoqiannianfazhanmubiao,2000nianqi,weishengbu、guowuyuanfunvertonggongzuoweiyuanhuihecaizhengbugongtongzuzhishishile“jiangdiyunchanfusiwanglv、xiaochuxinshengerposhangfeng”(jiancheng“jiangxiao”)xiangmu。tongguobuzhunongcunpinkunyunchanfuzhuyuanfenmian、baozhengyunchanfujijiu“lvsetongdao”changtong、jiaqiangyunchanfujijiunenglijianshe、tigaochanerkejishurenyuanzhuanyejishushuiping、paizhuzhuxianzhuanjiadundianzhidao、kaizhanjiankangjiaoyuheshehuidongyuandengcuoshi,xianzhutigaolezhongxibudiquyingyatiyudengluweishengfuwunengli,xiangmudiquyunchanfusiwanglvhexinshengerposhangfengfabinglvxianzhuxiajiang。zhexieqieshibaozhangfunvertongjiankangdejucuo,shenshouguangdaqunzhonghuanying,yededaoguojishehuidegaoduzanyu。jingguo11niandenuli,“jiangxiao”xiangmukuozhandaozhongxibu22gesheng、zizhiqu、zhixiashihexinjiangshengchanjianshebingtuande2297gexian,fugairenkou8.3yi,zhongyangcaizhengleijitouru21.3yiyuan。xiangmusheng(qu、shi)deyunchanfusiwanglvyou2001niande76/10wanxiajiangdao2010niande31.3/10wan,xiajiangfuduwei58.8%,xinshengerposhangfengfabinglvyishengweidanweijunshixiandiyu1‰mubiao。xiangmudiquyunchanfusiwanglvdexiajiangdaidonglequanguoyunchanfusiwanglvdechixuxiajiang。

15.funvchangjianbingjianchakaizhanqingkuangruhe?

funvchangjianbingshiweihaifunvshengminganquanheyingxiangshenghuozhiliangdezhongyaoyinsu,funvbingpuchapuzhiyizhishifunvbaojiangongzuodezhongyaoneirongzhiyi。shangshiji60niandaichuzhongguojibenxiaomielexingbing;70niandai,zaiquanguofanweineikaizhanlefunvbingpuchapuzhi,zigongtuochuiheniaolou、gongjingai、yuejingbing、dichongxingyindaoyandengfabingchengmingxianxiajiangqushi。jinnianlai,zaigezhongyinsudezonghezuoyongxia,funvchangjianbingfabinglvchengshangshengqushi,yixieyijingxiaomiedejibingsihuifuran,geifunvchangjianbingfangzhigongzuodailaixindetiaozhan。2010nian,quanguojieshoujianchafunvrenshuwei8494.7wanren,jianchachudehuanbingrenshuwei2442.5wanren,jibingjianchulvwei28.8%,qizhongjianchugongjingai12812li,ruxianai8546li。

16.xinshengerjibingshaichakaizhanqingkuangruhe?

xinshengerjibingshaichagongzuoqudemingxianjinzhan。zhidingxiafa《xinshengerjibingshaichaguanlibanfa》、shaichaguihuajixiangguanjishuguifan,zaiquanguofanweineikaizhanyixinshengerxiantianxingjiazhuangxiangongnengjiandizheng、benbingtongniaozhenghexinshengertinglishaichaweizhuyaoneirongdexinshengerjibingshaichafuwu。2009nianquanguoyou851wanduomingxinshengerjieshouleyichuandaixiebingshaichajiance,zhanchushengyingerzongshude57.5%。qizhong,623mingbenbingtongniaozhenghuanerhe4172mingxiantianxingjiazhuangxiangongnengjiandizhenghuanerdedaojishizhiliao,bimianletigehezhilisunhai。jieshouxinshengertinglishaichadeyingershuzhuniankuaisuzengjia。2010nianquanguoxinshengerfangshilvdadao89.6%,bi2000niande85.8%tigaole4.4%。

17.funvertongzaishenhuayigaizhongxiangshoudaoshenmeshihui?

2009nianshenhuayigaiqidongyilai,yingyatiyudengluweishengzuoweigonggongweishenggongzuodezhongyaozuchengbufen,yuelaiyuechengweiguanzhuhegaishanminshengdezhongdiangongzuo。guojiaqidongshishileguojiajibengonggongweishengfuwuxiangmuheyingyatiyudengluzhongdagonggongweishengfuwuxiangmu,yituoxiangmujiadaduiyingyatiyudengluweishengdetouru,zhulijiejueyingxiangfunvertongjiankangdezhuyaowenti。2009-2010nian,zhongyangcaizhengtouru291yiyuan,zuzhishishileguojiajibengonggongweishengfuwuxiangmu、nongcunyunchanfuzhuyuanfenmianbuzhuxiangmu、nongcunfunv“liangai”jianchashidianxiangmu、zengbuxiesuanyufangshenjingguanquexianxiangmu、yufangaizibing、meiduheyiganmuyingchuanboxiangmudengyixiliehuijiguangdafunvertongdegonggongweishengxiangmu。2009-2010nian,leijibuzhunongcunyunchanfu1748.8wanren,wancheng768.1wannongcunshilingfunvgongjingaijiancha、90.7wanmingnongcunfunvruxianaijiancha,wei1318.1wannongcunshilingfunvbufuxiesuan。2010niankaishi,tongguoxinxingnongcunhezuoyiliaozhiduyuyiliaojiuzhuxiangjiehe,kaizhannongcunertongzhongdajibingyiliaobaozhangshidiangongzuo,tigaoertongyiliaobaozhangshuiping。

18.nongcunyunchanfuzhuyuanfenmianbuzhuxiangmujinzhanruhe?

zi2008nianqiweishengbukaishishishinongcunyunchanfuzhuyuanfenmianbuzhuxiangmu,duizhongxibudiquzhuyuanfenmiandenongcunyunchanfuyuyibuzhu。2009niangaixiangmuzuoweishenhuayigaidezhongdagonggongweishengfuwuxiangmudedaoqianghua,xiangmufanweikuozhandaoquanguonongcundiqu。2009-2010nianzhongyangcaizhenggongtouru70yiyuan,leijibuzhunongcunyunchanfu1748.8wanren。gaixiangmudeshishi,xianzhutigaolezhuyuanfenmianlv,youxiaobaozhanglemuyinganquan,xingchenglezhuyuanfenmiandelianghaofenwei。

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