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《中國英亞體育登陸衛生事業發展報告(2011)》問答(一)

信息科 發布于:2012-05-03 點擊 7657 次

1.baogaofabudemudehezhuyaoneirongshishenme?

zhongsuozhouzhi,funvertongdejiankangshirenleichixufazhandeqiantihejichu,funvertongjiankangzhibiaobujinshiguojishanggongrenzuijichudejiankangzhibiao,gengshihengliangshehuijingjifazhanherenleifazhandezhongyaozonghexingzhibiao。weiquanmianfanyingwoguofunvertongjiankangshuipingheyingyatiyudengluweishengshiyefazhanzhuangkuang,xuanchuanqudedechengjiu,yindaoshehuigejieheguojishehuigengjiaguanzhufunvertongjiankang,yingzaoyouliyuyingyatiyudengluweishengshiyefazhandelianghaofenwei,weishengbujuedingbianxie《zhongguoyingyatiyudengluweishengshiyefazhanbaogao》。weishengbulingdaogaoduzhongshibaogaobianxiegongzuo,chenzhubuchang、zhangmaoshujiheliuqianfubuchangduibaogaobianxiegongzuozuochuzhongyaopishi,chenzhubuchangzhuanmenweibaogaozuolexu。zhongguojibingyufangkongzhizhongxinyingyatiyudenglubaojianzhongxinheguoneiyipiquanweizhuanjiacanyubianxiebenbaogao,lianheguoertongjijinhuiduibaogaobianxiegongzuogeiyuledalizhichi。

baogaotongguoshenrufenxiyubijiao,fanyingwoguofunvertongjibenjiankangzhuangkuang,jieshaoyingyatiyudenglubaojianfuwutigongyuliyongqingkuang,zongjieyingyatiyudengluweishengshiyefazhanzhuyaocelveyucuoshi。baogaojichongfenzhanxianwoguoyingyatiyudengluweishengshiyequdedexianzhuchengji,keguanfanyingyingyatiyudengluweishengshiyefazhanmianlindekunnanyutiaozhan,youquanmianfenxiguoneiheguojifazhanjiyu,jieshao“shierwu”shiqiyingyatiyudengluweishengshiyefazhansilu。baogaohuanzhulijieshaoleshenhuayigaiqidongyilai,guojiazuzhishishideyixiliehuijifunvertongdegonggongweishengxiangmuhezhongyaojucuojiqudedechubuchengxiao。

2.woguofunvertongjiankangzongtizhuangkuangruhe?

jianguoyilai,zhongguofunvertongjiankangzhuangkuangmingxiangaishan,funvrenjunyuqishoumingtigaodao2009niande75.2sui,yunchanfusiwanglvchixuxianzhujiangdi,yixieweixiefunvjiankangdechangjianbing、duofabingdedaoyouxiaofangzhi。danshifunvjiankangrengranmianlinyanjuntiaozhan。2010nianquanguoyunchanfusiwanglvwei30.0/10wan,bi1990nianhe2000nianfenbiexiajiangle66.3%he43.4%。

yingersiwanglvji5suiyixiaertongsiwanglvchixuxiajiang,tiqianshixianlianheguoqiannianfazhanmubiao,ertongshengchangfayuzhuangkuangyousuogaishan。ertongfeiyan、fuxie、pinxuezaibufendiqurengranshiweixieertongjiankangdezhuyaowenti;chushengquexianfashenglvchengshangshengqushi;ertongfeipang、yiwaishanghai、xinlixingweidengwentirijiantuchu;liudongertongheliushouertongdejiankangwentixuyaoyuyitebieguanzhu。2010nianquanguoyingersiwanglvwei13.1‰,bi1991nianhe2000nianfenbiexiajiangle73.9%he59.3%。5suiyixiaertongsiwanglvwei16.4‰,bi1991nianhe2000nianfenbiexiajiangle73.1%he58.7%。youyuzhongguorenkoujishujiaoda,meiniansiwangertongrenshujiaoduo。2010nianzhongguoyinger、5suiyixiaertongsiwangzongrenshufenbiedadao20.9wanren,zheyiweizhupingjunmeitianyou573mingyinger、715ming5suiyixiaertongsiwang。

3.yuqitaguojiaxiangbi,woguofunvertongjiankangshuipingruhe?

yunchanfusiwanglvyufadaguojiazhijiandechajuzhubusuoxiao,diyuduoshufazhanzhongguojia。yubufenfadaguojiaxiangbi,2000nianzhongguodeyunchanfusiwanglvmingxiangaoyumeiguo、ribenhehanguo,zhi2008nian,yunchanfusiwanglvyoulejiaodafuduxiajiang,yumeiguo、riben、hanguodechajuzhubusuoxiao,danrengranjinxiangdangyumeiguo1965niandeshuiping(31.6/10wan)。yu“jinzhuanguojia”xiangbi,2008nianzhongguoyunchanfusiwanglvmingxiandiyubaxi、yinduhenanfei,yueluosijibenxiangtong。genjushijieweishengzuzhishuju,zhongguoyunchanfusiwanglvzaiquanqiuanjiangxupailiecong1990niande97weishangshengdao2005niande109wei,zhengtishangjushijiezhongdengshuiping。

5suiyixiaertongsiwanglvyufadaguojiazhijianchajuzhubusuoxiao。2000nianzhongguo5suiyixiaertongsiwanglvmingxiangaoyumeiguo、riben、hanguo,dao2008nian,zhongguo5suiyixiaertongsiwanglvyoulejiaodafuduxiajiang,yumeiguo、riben、hanguodechajuzaizhubusuoxiao。yuqitaguojiayouqishi“jinzhuanguojia”xiangbi,mingxiandiyubaxi、nanfeiheyindu,dangaoyueluosi。2010nianzhongguodeyingersiwanglvxiangdangyumeiguo1979nianshuiping(13.07‰)。genjulianheguoertongjijinhuishuju,2007nian5suiyixiaertongsiwanglvzai193geguojiazhonganzhaojiangxupailie,zhongguopaizai107wei,jushijiezhongdengshuiping,taiguo(156wei)、yuenan(126wei)weicijunhaoyuzhongguo。

bufenguojiayunchanfuhe5suiyixiaertongsiwanglvbijiao

國家

孕產婦死亡率(/10萬)

5歲以下兒童死亡率(‰)

2000

2008

2000

2008

美國

13

17

9

8

日本

8

7

5

3

韓國

14

11

5

5

巴西

69

55

30

22

印度

318

254

91

69

俄羅斯

45

34

20

11

南非

155

237

74

67

中國

53

34.2

39.7

18.5

4.chengxiangzhijianfunvertongjiankangchayiyouduoda?

chengxiangzhijianyunchanfusiwanglvchajuzhujiansuoxiao,2010nianchengshihenongcundiquyunfusiwanglvfenbiewei29.7/10wanhe30.1/10wan,chengxiangchajuyou2000niande2.4beisuoxiaodao1.01bei。nongcundiquyunchanfusiwanglvxiajiangsudumingxiangaoyuchengshi,nongcunyunchanfusiwanglvbi2000nianxiajiangle56.8%,jinjinianchengshiyunchanfusiwanglvchengxiaofubodongzhuangtai。

5suiyixiaertongsiwanglvchengxiangchajuzhujiansuoxiao,danrengranmingxian。2010nian,chengshihenongcun5suiyixiaertongsiwanglvfenbiewei7.3‰he20.1‰,bi2000nianfenbiexiajiangle47.1%he56.0%,chengxiangchajuyou2000niande3.3beisuoxiaodao2010niande2.8bei。

5.quyuzhijianfunvertongjiankangchayiyouduoda?

butongdiquzhijianyunchanfusiwanglvchajusuiyousuosuoxiao,danrengranmingxian。zongqushiyiranshixibudiqugaoyuzhong、dongbudiqu,zhongbudiqujuzhong。2010niandong、zhong、xibudiqudeyunchanfusiwanglvfenbiewei17.8/10wan、29.1 /10wanhe45.1 /10wan,bi2000nianfenbiexiajiangle16.0%、44.1%he60.7%。2000nianxibudiquyunchanfusiwanglvshidongbudiqude5.4bei,2010niansuoxiaodao2.5bei。liudongrenkouyunchanfusiwanglvmingxiangaoyuchangzhurenkou。

butongdiquzhijian5suiyixiaertongsiwanglvchajusuiyousuosuoxiao,danrengranmingxian。2010niandongbu、zhongbuhexibudiqude5suiyixiaertongsiwanglvfenbiewei9.7‰、14.8‰he21.1‰,bi2000nianfenbiexiajiangle47.0%、62.1 %he65.3%。xibuyudongbudiqu5suiyixiaertongsiwanglvdechajucong2000niande3.3beisuoxiaodao2010niande2.2bei。

6.yunchanfusiwangdezhuyaosiyinshishenme?

daozhiyunchanfusiwangdeqian5weisiyinshunweifenbieshichankechuxue、renshenqigaoxueyajibing、renshenhebingxinzangbing、yangshuishuansai、renshenhebingfeiyan,zhanquanbusiwangyuanyinde68.7%。qizhong,chankechuxuesiwanglvchengzhunianxiajiangqushi,you2000niande20.8/10wan,xiajiangdao2010niande8.3/10wan,jiangfuwei60.1%。2010nian,siwangyunchanfuzhongrengyou25.8%siyujiazhonghetuzhong。youyujingji、huanjing、yiliaodengtiaojiandegaishan,kebimianyunchanfusiwangbilizhunianxiajiang。

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