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《人工流產后避孕服務規范(2018版)》文件解讀

發布于:2018-08-20 點擊 7288 次

一、為什么制訂《人工流產后避孕服務規范(2018版)》?

  jinnianlaiwoguorengongliuchanshuliangda,meinianyue900duowanli。jieshourengongliuchanshoushudenvxingzhongdilingzhe、weiyuzhezhanbida,zhongfurenliubiligao。rengongliuchanduinvxingjiankangheshengyunenglisunhaiyanzhong,kenengyinfashuluanguanzusai、gongqiangzhanlian、zigongneimoyiweizhengdengbingfazheng,huankenengdaozhinvxingjifabuyun,duocizhongfurengongliuchandaozhibingfazhengjijifabuyundefengxiangenggao。yourengongliuchanshitebieshiduocirengongliuchandefunvjishideyihuaiyun,yehuizengjiaziranliuchan、zaochan、taipanyichangjiditizhongerdengbuliangrenshenjiejudefashengfengxian,weihaimuyinganquan。rengongliuchanduiyudilingzhe、weiyuzheyingxianggengda,bujinweihaishenxinjiankang,youciyinfadejifabuyunhuanjiangyingxiangjiatinghexiexingfu。dangqianrengongliuchangaofayuanyinzhuyaoyouliangfangmian。yishiyulingrenqunquefabiyunjieyukexuezhishi,biyuncuoshiqueshi,daozhiyiwairenshen。ershibiyunfangfazixunzhidaobudaowei,yulingrenquncaiyonggaoxiaobiyunfangfabuzu,biyunshibailvgao。

  weiguanchexinshiqiweishengyujiankanggongzuofangzhen,tuijinyufangweizhu、biyunweizhufuwuluoshi,zhidaojieshourengongliuchandefunvjishiluoshigaoxiaobiyuncuoshi,jianshaozhongfuliuchan,baozhangnvxingjiankangheshengyunengli,cujinmuyinganquan,woweizuzhizhidingle《rengongliuchanhoubiyunfuwuguifan(2018ban)》(jiancheng《guifan》)。

  weiraonvxingjieshourengongliuchanshuzhegeshiji,tigongbiyunfuwu,zhidaoluoshibiyuncuoshiyou3geyouliyinsu。yishifuwuduixiangyijingzhudonglaidaoyiliaojigou,weitamentigongbiyunjieyufuwukeji。ershiyinyiwairenshenjieshourengongliuchanshudenvxing,yuanzeshangdoushibiyuncuoshiqueshihuozhebiyuncuoshishiyongbudangderenqun,zhengshijixuzhidaoderenqun。sanshijieshourengongliuchanshuqianhou,nvxingjinglishenxintongku,gengyiyujieshouyiwurenyuanguanyubiyunfangfadezixunzhidao,gengyiyuluoshibiyuncuoshi,zheshitigongdefuwugengyouxiao。weici,jiaqiangrengongliuchanhoubiyunfuwufeichangzhongyao。

二、《規范》主要包括哪些內容?

  《guifan》gong6bufen,baokuofuwuduixiang、fuwumude、fuwuneirongjiliucheng、renyuanyaoqiu、fuwusheshiyaoqiuhezhiliangguanlideng。

  《guifan》zhongdianmingquelefuwuneirong。rengongliuchanhoubiyunfuwushejishuqianchuzhen、shoushudangriheshuhousuifangdenghuanjie,fuwuneirongbaokuoxuanchuanjiaoyu、yiduiyizixun、zhidaorengongliuchanhoujishiluoshigaoxiaobiyuncuoshidengfuwu。

  qizhong,shuqianchuzhen、shuhoushoucisuifangtigongdeliangciyiduiyizixunfuwuzuiweizhongyao。shuqianchuzhenkaizhanyiduiyizixun,mudeshizhidaofuwuduixiangzaishuqianxuandingbiyunfangfa,yibianzaifuwuduixianglikaiyiliaojigouqianjishiluoshiyixiangbiyuncuoshi。shuhoushoucisuifangtigongyiduiyizixun,mudeshizaicizhidaofuwuduixiangjianchihezhengqueshiyongbiyunfangfa。

三、為什么強調要采用高效避孕方法?

  shijieweishengzuzhijiangchangyongbiyunfangfafenweigaoxiaohefeigaoxiaolianglei。mouzhongbiyunfangfameibaimingfunvwanmeishiyong1nian,fashengfeiyiyuanrenshenderenshu<1,jiweigaoxiaobiyunfangfa。changjiandegaoxiaobiyunfangfabaokuogongneijieyuqi、pixiamaizhiji、nvxingjueyushu、nanxingjueyushu、changxiaobiyunzhen、fufangduanxiaokoufubiyunyaodeng。

  gaoxiaobiyunfangfayiwaideqitabiyunfangfajunweifeigaoxiaobiyunfangfa。biruwaiyongbiyunyao(moji、shuanji、ningjiao),jishizaiwanmeishiyongdeqingkuangxia,meibaimingfunvshiyongyinianfashengfeiyiyuanrenshenderenshurengdayu18。biyuntaozaiyibanshiyongqingkuangxia,meibaimingfunvshiyongyinianfashengfeiyiyuanrenshenderenshudayu15。

  weicaiyonggaoxiaobiyunfangfa,shibiyunshibaidezhongyaoyuanyinzhiyi。yinci,kaizhanrengongliuchanhoubiyunfuwu,yaotongguojiankangjiaoyuheyiduiyizixun,zhidaofuwuduixiangjishiluoshigaoxiaobiyunfangfa,jianshaozaicifeiyiyuanrenshen,jianshaozhongfuliuchan。

四、如何落實和執行《規范》?

  yishiyaojiaqiangrenyuanpeixun。shulianzhangwobiyunjieyujibenzhishihejineng,zhangworenjijiaoliuhezixungoutongjiqiao,shikaizhanrengongliuchanhoubiyunfuwudezhongyaojichu。gejiweishengjishengbumenyaokaizhanzhenduixingpeixun,tishengyihurenyuanxiangyingfuwunengliheshuiping。

  ershiyaocujinnanxingcanyu。zaikaizhanshuqianchuzhen、shuhousuifangfuwushi,douyinggaigaozhifuwuduixiangnanxingcanyudezhongyaoxing。yaochuangzaotiaojian,cujinpeiou(banlv)gongtongjieshoubiyunfangfazixunzhidao,cujinfuwuduixiangshuhoujishiluoshibiyuncuoshi。

  sanshiyouxiantigongmianfeibiyunyaoju。woguozishangshiji70niandaijianlilebiyunyaojumianfeigongyingzhidu,zhengfucaizhengchuzijizhongcaigoubiyunyaoju,mianfeixiangyulingqunzhongfafang。2017nianmianfeitigongbiyunyaojuzhuanxiangnaruguojiajibengonggongweishengfuwuxiangmu。zaikaizhanrengongliuchanhoubiyunfuwushi,yingdangyouxianxiangyouxuqiudefuwuduixiangtigongmianfeibiyunyaoju。gejiweishengjishengbumenyaojiaqianggongzuotongchouhezhidao,baozhangmianfeibiyunyaojujinruzongheyiyuan、fuchanzhuankeyiyuan、yingyatiyudenglubaojianjihuashengyufuwujigouhejicengyiliaoweishengjigou。


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